Private Water, Bore Hole, Well Sampling


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A water supply is deemed private if it is not from the public water supply.

The Private Water Supplies Regulations 2016 ensures that water from private water supplies, boreholes, wells and reservoirs are safe for people to drink and carry certain stipulations and guidelines.

The regulations require those responsible for the supply to carry out a risk assessment of all Private Water Supplies and analyse the water periodically. However, if you have any concerns about the safety of your private water supply, Aqua Analyse can help you to investigate the possible hazards, through a Risk Assessment, and can organized targeted sampling to identify any problems.

All you need to do to give us a call 01628 563800 or contact us via this web site and we can send you bottles for sampling (or attend personally). We would then organise for your samples to be sent to an accredited laboratory. Once the results are though, we then contact you with the results and any advice necessary.

We also offer remedial actions or water treatment options.

Aqua Analyse uses a network of UKAS Accredited Laboratories and will find the best laboratory for the type of analysis that you require ensuring that the analytical work undertaken is of the highest quality; this is paramount if you are to have complete confidence in the results obtained.


Understanding your duties and responsibilities:

To understand what your duties and responsibilities are as a borehole or well owner, you must assess the purpose of your well.

Private water supplies have been categorized into five types and the regulations apply in relation to private supplies of water intended for human consumption and for these purposes “water intended for human consumption” means:

(a) all water either in its original state or after treatment, intended for drinking, cooking, food preparation or other domestic purposes, regardless of its origin and whether it is supplied from a distribution network, from a tanker, or in bottles or containers.

(b) all water used in any food-production undertaking for the manufacture, processing, preservation or marketing of products or substances intended for human consumption.

(c) Large supplies – i.e. supplies with commercial or public use (hotels,B&Bs, restaurants, Heritage Sites, farms open to the public) or large domestic supplies (several houses), those using more than 10m³/day or supplying more than 50 people a day on average.Larger supplies (>10 cubic meters/day) and those to commercial and public premises will require checks and monitoring from the first year. What is to be monitored is set out in the Regulations.

(d) Small Supplies – i.e. supplies serving two or more houses but with no commercial premises. Usage less than10m³/day and fewer than 50 people a day supplied on average.The frequency and type of monitoring of small supplies (< 10 cubic meters/day) is determined through the risk assessment

(e) Supplies to single domestic property where water is supplied only for domestic purposes.

These supplies are deemed to be wholesome if the following conditions are met:

1, “the supply does not contain any micro-organism, parasite or substance……that would constitute a potential danger to health.

2, it complies with the concentration values set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 (of the Regulations) for each parameter.”

Requirements to carry out a risk assessment of the supply

A risk assessment is required if:

1, the supply is provided as part of a commercial or public activity.

2, not supplying a commercial activity then if there is the potential for danger to public health; a risk assessment must assess this risk.


Monitoring must be undertaken according to the Regulations if the supply is feeding a commercial or public activity.

For private supplies not supplying a commercial or public activity “check monitoring” must be undertaken.  A set number of parameters are required plus what ever the risk assessment suggests is necessary.

In both cases the frequency of sampling is determined by the volume of water used per day and further sampling may need to be undertaken if the initial sample parameters flag there may be a problem with the supply.  It is important therefore that a suitable and sufficient risk assessment has been undertaken.

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